The capitalist class and its ideologues – ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ power
In What Direction Is Empirio-criticism Developing?
We judge a person not by what he says or thinks of himself but by his actions. And we must judge philosophers not by the labels they give themselves (“positivism”, the philosophy of “pure experience”, “monism” or “empirio-monism”, the “philosophy of natural science”, etc.) but by how they actually settle fundamental theoretical questions, by their associates, by what they are teaching and by what they have taught their disciples and followers.
V.I.Lenin, Materialism and Empirio-criticism: Critical Comments on a Reactionary Philosophy, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1975, 199
The ‘fundamental theoretical question’ that Lenin unceasingly drove at in Materialism and Empirio-criticism, which underlies all other questions, is ‘Which takes precedence over or which is the product of the other – objective reality (matter) or consciousness/thought?
Part six/to be continued…
Full text of Lenin’s book at Marxists Internet Archive
Highly recommended: ‘Ford and GM Scrutinised for Alleged Nazi Collaboration’ at