CIA agent, Harry Goldberg, looks at Australia in 1960
B. People Seen 1 and Things Done
Let me enumerate first before going into detail on the more important ones whom I saw and what I did. I spent the first three days in Sydney; then went to Canberra for an evening and a day; then almost three days in Melbourne, the real hotbed of pro-commie influence, then back to Sydney for the last couple of days before leaving.
1. Sydney. When I landed there were newspapers, radio and television guys all ready at the airport, prepared by Laurie. So we had a general interview and I was able to make my pitch, specially re- Communist China right at the beginning. It was reported in the newspapers and on the radio, also on TV. That didn’t hurt. At the very beginning it was known by everybody that I was here and what I said.
I then met Laurie’s staff at his office for a chat. His assistant, Harry Hurrell, is a real good guy (he later accompanied us to Melbourne and was very helpful). A little later Joe Riordan of the Clerks, and Chris McGrane of the Postal Workers (he had been to the States) dropped in for a pow-wow. One night later we had dinner with Riordan at his house and a chance for a long private chat. He’s one of the very best of them.
Laurie, Harry Hurrell and I had lunch with Jim Kenny (Senior Vice-President of the ACTU) and Norm Thom, President of the NSWales Trades and Labor Council. Of the later.
At a lunch tendered to me the next day by this US Acting Consul-General (Taft) of Sydney, we met some more of the labor leaders including Fred Campbell, President of the NSW Labor Party and Jensen, the Lord Mayor of Sydney, who has recently gotten this brotherhood award from the Jewish Theological Seminary (he’s a phony – more later). Also saw Gene Martinson, US Labor Attache of whom, also, more later. Also saw Krygier and the Cultural Freedom crowd.
2. In Canberra. Calwell, the new Leader of the Labor Party, threw a dinner for me in Parliament. Present besides Laurie, Rose and myself and Gene and Mrss Martinson, were Whitlam, Dep leader of the Party, some Labor MPs and an ex-Ambassador to US (Curtin). I sat next to Calwell and we chatted practically undisturbed for two hours.
Attended a Parliamentary session, and met and talked with many Labor MPs in the corridors (we were there for three hours). During that time also had a session with the Attorney-General, Sir Godfrey Barwick. Had a conference with Peter Hayden, Dep Minister of External Affairs and a long session with Seebold, our Ambassador.
3. In Melbourne. That’s where all the fun took place and where the commies overplayed their hand and really gave me a chance to get back at them. It also illustrated dramatically the gutlessness of the ACTU leadership. It happened when I addressed the Melbourne Trades and Labor Council, the same evening I arrived. They allowed me five minutes. The commies howled me down. It was the best thing that could have happened. Details later.
As a result of that, I had a news conference next day in my hotel room. All the important newspapers of Melbourne were there, including a Catholic and Jewish weekly, plus radio and television. I made my pitch and it went all over the country.
I met all the anti-commie trade union leaders of Melbourne at lunches and dinners, most of them in the DLP, and talked things over. I met Santamaria, the brains behind the DLP; also with Archbishop Mannix.
I had lunch with Bill Evans (I invited him), the Junior Vice-President of the ACTU (he had been present at the Trades Hall blowup).
I met with the Cultural Freedom representatives; also with Oscar Rozenbess (News and Views), with Bono Wiener, etc.
I had a long session in my hotel room with Sir Wilfred Kent Hughes, leading member of the Liberal Party, ex-Cabinet Minister who had been kicked out by Menzies because of his independent spirit, an outspoken enemy of Communist China and friend of Taiwan (also, incidentally, the director of the 1956 Melbourne Olympics); a very knowledgeable and good guy.
At a luncheon, met and sat next to Senator McMahon, the leader of the DLP in Parliament; a very good guy. Had a session, finally with McNolte, President, and Tripovich, General Secretary of the Victorian Labor Party; also bully boy, Bland.
4. Back in Sydney. Some lunches with some more trade union leaders; a meeting again with the cultural freedom boys (Krygier); a session with Bishop Carroll, the right-hand man of Cardinal Gilroy, who takes the Bishop’s directives on labor (as you know there is a bitter difference and conflict between the Archbishop and the Cardinal re the DLP); an interview by an Editor of Observer the best anti-commie bi-weekly in Australia (who wants to do “The Goldberg Visit”), and finally my “last will and testament” before leaving Australia, two letters written to Calwell and Monk, copies of which I have with me.
As you can see, my schedule was pretty crowded. Now some details on some of the highlights of my conversations.
1. Who’s Who (from Tribune article)
Oscar Rozenbess: Former secretary of the Melbourne Taxi Drivers Association. Former Labor Minister Cameron was probably referring to Rozenbess when he told parliament last Thursday about “a CIA operative who covered by working as a taxi driver”.
Richard Krygier: Sydney book importer who founded the CIA funded Australian Association for Cultural Freedom which published Quadrant. Named in parliament as a CIA agent by Cameron.
Laurie: Mr L Short, national secretary of the Federated Ironworkers Association (FIA). Former Trotskyist now on the ALP’s extreme right.
Harry Hurrell: FIA national president, regarded as the real power in the union until recently.
Joe Riordan: Former secretary of the NSW Clerks Union, a rightwinger who later fell out with Maynes. Elected ALP member for Phillip he became a minister in Whitlam’s cabinet but lost his seat in 1975.
Fred Campbell: Former NSW secretary of the Electrical Trades Union (ETU).
Harry Jensen: ETU official who became Lord Mayor of Sydney. Now Minster for Local Government in the Wran ministry.
Dr Evatt: Federal Labor leader after Chifley. Former High Court judge and brilliant lawyer, Evatt appeared before the Petrov Commission accusing Menzies and ASIO of securing Petrov’s defection as an anti-Labor stunt. This led to the 1955 ALP split.
Arthur Calwell: ALP leader after Evatt retired. A rightwing Catholic, he moved to a centre position and finally opposed the Vietnam war.
Bland: Sir Henry Bland, top public service bureaucrat (Holt’s secretary of Labor and National Service, then Defence Department secretary). Briefly chairman of the ABC under Fraser.
B.A.Santamaria: Director of the National Civic Council (NCC) and power behind the now almost defunct Democratic Labor Party (DLP).
Sir Wilfred Kent Hughes: Attorney-General and Minister for the Navy in the Menzies government.
Jim Kenny: Former rightwing secretary, NSW Labor Council.
Jack Maynes: Federal president, Federated Clerks Union, NCC supporter and DLP member.
Littleton: Probably Little, Victorian THC president.
Vic Stout: Secretary of the Victorian Trades Hall Council for many years who finally opposed the NCC.
Bill Evans: Federal secretary of the Federated Enginedrivers (FEDFA), ACTU and THC vice-president.
Albert Monk: ACTU president for many years and a “centre-right” force in the ALP.
Frank Knopfelmacher: A Sudeten German from Czechoslovakia, a notorious anti-communist academic.↩